Wesleyan Scientific Review 2022-05-03T15:45:07+00:00 Dick Eugenio, PhD Open Journal Systems <p>Wesleyan Scientific Review (WSR) is a peer-reviewed, open-access international journal under the School of Leadership and Advanced Studies that publishes original, critically, and theoretically informed research that discusses, analyzes, and debates interdisciplinary issues and challenges. The journal publishes innovations, policies, best practices, new theories, and educational solutions from interdisciplinary perspectives that should belong to the defense of liberal and classical education, merging of piety and learning, peace and justice, climate change, indigenous people, gender studies, and cultural studies. The journal is open to all students, faculty researchers, and other professionals. It only publishes manuscripts in English. </p> <p><strong>The journal is published annually by the School of Leadership and Advanced Studies of Wesleyan University-Philippines. </strong><br /><br />Publishing in the journal is free of charge.</p> Editorial 2022-05-03T15:45:07+00:00 Dick Eugenio <p>The Editor-in-Chief discusses the pursuit of knowledge.</p> 2022-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wesleyan Scientific Review God, the Absolute Thou as the Ground of Intersubjectivity in the Philosophy of Gabriel Marcel 2022-05-03T15:26:53+00:00 Blessildo Dagasen <p>The present time increasingly shows an intense polarity between science and religion. Human persons’ dependency on science and technology and their assertion of autonomy upon themselves get deeper in the heart of society. Ironically, the more human persons become self-governing and self-sufficient, the more they experience a sense of loss of meaning of what it means to be human. Human persons perceived chiefly as a scientific and technological problem can only lead to alienation and isolation from others. The abolishment of the absolutes grants human persons their insistence as the definer of reality. And with science and technology as their tools, they have created a world that has lost its ontological awareness. This article argues that God, the Absolute Thou, is the ground of intersubjectivity using Marcelian philosophy. It uses both expository and correlational methods to establish the nature and significance of the reciprocal relationship between intersubjectivity and the Absolute Thou. Gabriel Marcel’s existential ontology reveals human persons with the exigence of being. Central to Marcel’s intersubjectivity are three inseparable pillars of love, fidelity, and hope that characterize openness, community, unconditionality, and eternity. Intrinsic to these pillars is theocentric directedness. Through Marcel’s non-objective approach to God, the Absolute Thou breaks free from the presentation as an abstract entity. Thus, God can be experienced through personal involvement by way of faith, love, and hope. The study shows the centrality of God, who can fulfill the human persons’ exigence of being, and only in God, the Absolute Thou can love fidelity, and hope have their full assurance and eternal significance.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wesleyan Scientific Review Students’ Mental Health Concerns Amidst Their Academic Difficulties During Pandemic 2022-05-03T15:37:41+00:00 Tita Agsunod Jamiaca Duldulao Venus Vitales <p>The mental health of learners is vital in ensuring that they cope and learn in times of pandemic. Currently, the number of people suffering from mental health problems is growing, especially with the global increase of Coronavirus disease cases. The psychological issues due to the pandemic have rapidly compounded the public’s health burden (Torales et al., 2020). Several research studies have established the increase in the prevalence of self-reported depressive and anxiety symptoms of individuals due to the Covid-19 disease (Wang, et al., 2020). Barkham’s (2019) findings on the challenges of knowledge acquisition caused by mental health issues, and the presence of total physical, mental, and social well-being theory of the World Health Organization (1948) were used as the frameworks of this study, to assess the mental health situations and academic difficulties of learners in times of pandemic. A total of 1,076 elementary to senior high school students, with their parents’ consent, from a private university in Cabanatuan City participated in this study.&nbsp; Data gathered through Google form survey were analyzed using weighted mean, ANOVA, and T-test.&nbsp; Results revealed that the respondents experienced mental health concerns brought by the numerous deaths due to the Covid-19 pandemic; anxiety caused by unstable internet connection; fear of not learning using modules; and strict implementation of checkpoints. The students’ academic difficulties were due to lack of internet connections; frequent power interruptions; and teachers’ inability to foresee the learners’ diversity in online learning. A significant difference was established in the mental health concerns of the learners according to their sex, age, and department levels. At the same time, their academic difficulties varied according to their age and department levels. A proposed program was designed as the output of the study.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wesleyan Scientific Review Spiritual Palliative Care for Religious Asians 2022-01-03T04:07:43+00:00 Dick Eugenio <p>Although the so-called “believing without belonging” phenomenon is increasingly becoming the religious stance in the world, Asians are still deeply religious in nature. Deep-seated faith commitments affect people’s perceptions of life’s various circumstances. When it comes to the experience of pain and suffering, widely known studies have already concluded the paradoxical effect of religion as either stress-buffering or anxiety-inducing, depending on the hermeneutical leaning of patients. Whatever the case may be, in addition to addressing their physical pain, palliative care providers need to consider the psychological, existential, and spiritual anxieties of suffering people. Holistic palliative care is needed to address “total pain.” To accomplish this, care providers need to be aware of what their Asian patients think about pain and suffering, their psychological struggles, their existential anxieties, and what considerations they are taking in deciding the nature and level of treatment they wish to receive. This calls for an interdisciplinary approach to palliative care, especially between medical sciences and religious studies. Although the reality of the plurality of religions in Asia entails a multiplicity of religious views, there are common perceptions shared by Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. Knowledge of these dominant themes will help care providers become more effective in dealing with suffering patients.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wesleyan Scientific Review Implementing Ethics in Research During Pandemic 2022-05-03T15:42:30+00:00 Glenn Guira Roseli Aurelio Wilfredo Ramos Carissa Balaria Marites Pagdilao <p>It is critical that ethical guidelines specified by ethics review committees be followed while doing research during a pandemic (Yeoh &amp; Shah, 2021). Studies involving humans must be carried out in accordance with the highest ethical standard (International Development Research Center, 2021). The aim of the study is to explore and understand the meaning of participants’ lived experiences in conducting research during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study’s phenomenological approach uncovered participants’ description of their lived experiences in the field of conducting research for the advancement of science. It selected twelve participants by purposive selection from the general population. A semi-structured interview guide was used to collect the narratives. Three major themes emerged from the research: Ethics as a Core of Research, Witnessing Ethics as a Synonym for Poor Quality, and Inviolable Protection from Harm. To maintain the consistency and excellence of all research performed during the pandemic, it is recommended that exemplary techniques be established to ensure that all research inquiries are subjected to strict ethical scrutiny.</p> 2022-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wesleyan Scientific Review